Why Is My Alternator Not Charging My Battery? (11 Reasons Why)

Your vehicle’s charging system relies on the alternator to generate electricity. While it is malfunctioning, it would be impossible for the battery to start the engine independently.

If your alternator is not charging your battery, there are many reasons why this might happen. I’ve discovered some facts about what it means to have a malfunctioning alternator!

Why Is My Alternator Not Charging My Battery?


1. Dead Alternator

One of the essential components of your car is the alternator. By transforming mechanical energy into electrical energy, the battery is charged.

Additionally, it’s usually located on top of the engine and converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, which is then sent to the battery.

However, alternators may malfunction suddenly or gradually over time and will not be able to charge your battery.

As a result, if you suspect your alternator has died, it may not be able to charge your battery enough to turn over your engine!

2. Malfunctioning Battery

Deep discharges, heat, vibration, fast charging, and overcharging are all causes of battery malfunction.

As well as that, a lack of maintenance and evaporation from high under-hood heat is the leading cause of premature vehicle battery failures.

Furthermore, look for signs such as a loose or corroded connection if your car starts slowly when you try to put your engine on.

Overall, even if you’re concentrating on the alternator, the problem could be with the battery!

3. Defective Voltage Regulator

A voltage regulator regulates the field current that flows through the rotor of the alternator to control alternator output.

Many parts that require a minimum voltage to operate properly, such as the fuel pump, ignition system, or other systems, may malfunction if your regulator is defective.

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However, you might be able to drive with a poor voltage regulator, but not for very long.

Therefore, a broken voltage regulator prevents the alternator from giving the battery enough power!

4. Engine Control Module Inaccuracy

When the ECM fails, the timing and fuel settings of the engine will be off. Meanwhile, you can notice sudden drops in fuel efficiency.

In addition, ECM typically supports the car’s whole life, even though it occasionally fails. Thus, ECM should commonly be replaced between 125,000 and 150,000 miles, but the module can malfunction as early as 75,000 miles.

Apart from this, ECM is where the engine’s computer gets its data, and it works with the battery to provide power to your vehicle.

Above all, if there’s an inaccurate reading with the ECM, it won’t be able to provide voltage to the battery!

5. Deteriorated Battery Terminals

As you can see, battery terminals emit sulfuric acid’s corrosive vapors.

When mixed with moisture, these gases frequently cause the battery terminals to corrode, endangering the battery’s general health. It might eventually even cease all current flow from the battery.

At this point, battery corrosion lowers circuit resistance, making it a poor conductor of electricity.

Under these circumstances, the alternator won’t charge the battery because of the transitory current flow that results from resistance!

6. Busted Serpentine Belt

Busted Serpentine Belt

Serpentine belts are what hold the alternator’s engine shaft in place and keep it running smoothly. They also help to transfer power from the engine to the electrical system.

At this time, the serpentine belt moves the alternator’s pulley around so it can generate electricity, and when it breaks, it prevents the alternator from producing your battery’s charge.

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For that reason, a worn serpentine belt will lose its ability to grip the alternator, and insufficient electricity will not keep up with other electrical systems!

7. Burst Fuse

A blown fuse may prevent power from getting to the starter relay and control to move your car. In addition, it might occasionally result in an energy-draining open circuit.

Typically, a blown fuse only results in a minor electrical issue with your vehicle, such as faulty climate control or loss of a turn signal.

Generally, a blown fuse limits the amount of electricity passing from the alternator to the battery. And when it fails, it prevents the battery from charging even when the alternator is in good working condition!

8. Electric Wiring Issues

A depleted battery is a clear sign of an electrical issue.

However, don’t merely swap out the battery without also looking for other potential electrical problems in the car. In most cases, alternator problems could be the cause.

Undeniably, it only takes one cable to be busted and unplugged from power to stop flowing.

As a result, unless the wire is fixed, the alternator won’t be able to charge the battery!

9. Frayed Carbon Brushes

It’s time to think about replacing a carbon brush when it is less than half the size of the entire carbon brush holder.

Over time, these brushes are harmed by electrical overloading or underloading, making it harder for the starter to engage and crank the engine.

As a direct result, the alternator won’t charge if your carbon brushes have deteriorated.

10. Excessive Accessory Usage

Starting the car, using the radio, the navigation system, the heated seats, the power mirrors, windows, or other electrical equipment will reduce the alternator’s lifespan.

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As well as that, you might not be able to turn on electrical accessories like the radio or your GPS device when your alternator fails.

Without a doubt, certain accessory parts can start to lose power when your alternator is broken, and it all begins with your undercharged battery!

11 Rotor Bearing Failure

A failed rotor bearing commonly results in overheating of the rotor and frequent bearing collapse caused by over- or under-tensioned fan belts.

In most cases, worn rotor bearings usually start to become noisy before they fail and emit strange grinding noises from the engine’s alternator area.

As an outcome, this causes low power production and the possibility of alternator failure, which prevents your battery from charging!

To know more, you can also read our posts on why your alternator is not charging your battery, why your car is beeping while driving, and why your ignition key is hot.

Conclusion

When you’re driving, the alternator is responsible for converting the electrical energy in your car’s batteries.

As demonstrated, a dead alternator, a broken battery, and a dysfunctional voltage regulator prevent your alternator from charging your battery.

By all means, to ensure optimum operation, it’s crucial to keep your alternator in perfect condition!

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